NPV | IRR | Payback Period | |

A | $22,000 | 7.5% | 4 years |

B | $30,000 | 8% | 4.5 years |

C | $25,000 | 12% | 6 years |

- Option : B
- Explanation : Whenever there is a conflict in ranking between the IRR rule and the NPV rule, the NPV rule should be used to decide between mutually exclusive projects. This is because the NPV represents the expected addition to shareholder wealth from an investment. The maximization of shareholder wealth is a basic financial objective of a company and hence, the NPV rule must be given preference. Project B has the highest NPV among the three projects and thus results in the greatest addition to shareholder wealth. While there is a conflict among the NPV and IRR rules for projects B and C, NPV rule is to be given preference for its superiority over IRR and hence B would be the most appropriate choice. Payback period should be given the least consideration as it does not affect the decision due to its various drawbacks.

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- Option : B
- Explanation : When the IRR and NPV rules conflict in ranking projects, consider the NPV rule. The NPV of an investment represents the expected addition to shareholder wealth from an investment, and we take the maximization of shareholder wealth to be a basic financial objective of a company.

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- Option : C
- Explanation : IRR and NPV can rank projects differently when: The size or scale of the projects differs. Timing of the projects’ cash flows differs.

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15. Information about a common stock investment is given below:

Date | Amount € | |

Stock purchase | 15 January 2013 | 62.00 |

Cash dividend received | 14 July 2013 | 5.00 |

Stock sale | 15 July 2013 | 78.00 |

- Option : B
- Explanation : Holding period return is calculated as follows: HPR = P1– P0+ D1 / P0 = ending value – beginning value + cash flow beginning value where: P0 = initial investment P1 = price received at the end of the holding period D1 = cash paid by the investment at the end of the holding period HPR = (78 –62 + 5) / 62 = 33.87%. The HPR is not annualized for holding periods shorter than a year.

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