# Mathematical Aptitude - Profit and Loss

>>>>>>>>Profit and Loss

• A

210  • B

216  • C

230  • D

236  • Option : B
• Explanation : Substituting values in the formula above, we get:
Selling price = [(100 + 20)/100] × 180
Selling price = 12 × 18
Selling price = 216
Therefore, the selling price of this umbrella is Rs 216.

• A

Profit =115/9%  • B

Loss = 115/9%  • C

Profit = 100/9%  • D

Loss = 100/9%  • Option :
• Explanation : 1 wind fan C.P. in 1st shop = Rs 1/4 and 1 wind fan C.P. in 2nd shop = Rs 1/5
On mixing these 2 wind fans, the cost price of these 2 will be = 1/4 + 1/5 = Rs 9/20
So, C.P. of 1 wind fan = (9/20)/2 = Rs 9/40.
Actual price at which 1 wind fan is sold after combining = Rs 1/4
S.P. – C.P. = 1/4 - 9/40 = 1/40 = Tt is positive; so it is profit

• A

Rs 30000  • B

Rs 41000  • C

Rs 44500  • D

Rs 55000  • Option : A
• Explanation : 1st profit = 10%
If Romit sells TV for `8100 more, then profit = 37%
S.P. = (100 + Profit%)% of C.P.
∴ SP1 + 8100 = SP2
∴ (110)% C.P. + 8100 = (137)% C.P.
∴ 27% of C.P. = 8100
∴ C.P. = (8100 X 100)/27 = Rs 30000

• A

Rs 3500  • B

Rs 5000  • C

Rs 6000  • D

Rs 8000  • Option : D
• Explanation : C.P. = (Difference in S.P.) ÷ (% Difference in profit) C.P. of the horse = 1800 × 100/14.5–(–8) = 1800 × 100/22.5 ⇒ C.P. = 8000.

• A

324, 416  • B

296, 444  • C

288, 452  • D

365, 375  • Option : B
• Explanation : C.P. of 2 pens = 740. Let C.P. of 1st pen be x and C.P. of 2nd pen be y.
Since there is no profit and loss in the whole transaction, so 12% of x = 8% of y
⇒ x : y = 2 : 3
Hence the cost of first pen = (2/3) × 740 = Rs 296 and that of the second pen = (3/5) × 740 = Rs 444.

## Description

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