- Option : B
- Explanation : Substituting values in the formula above,
we get:

Selling price = [(100 + 20)/100] × 180

Selling price = 12 × 18

Selling price = 216

Therefore, the selling price of this umbrella is Rs 216.

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- Option :
- Explanation : 1 wind fan C.P. in 1st shop = Rs 1/4 and 1 wind
fan C.P. in 2nd shop = Rs 1/5

On mixing these 2 wind fans, the cost price of these 2 will be = 1/4 + 1/5 = Rs 9/20

So, C.P. of 1 wind fan = (9/20)/2 = Rs 9/40.

Actual price at which 1 wind fan is sold after combining = Rs 1/4

S.P. – C.P. = 1/4 - 9/40 = 1/40 = Tt is positive; so it is profit

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- Option : D
- Explanation : C.P. = (Difference in S.P.) ÷ (% Difference in profit) C.P. of the horse = 1800 × 100/14.5–(–8) = 1800 × 100/22.5 ⇒ C.P. = 8000.

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- Option : B
- Explanation : C.P. of 2 pens = 740. Let C.P. of 1st pen be x
and C.P. of 2nd pen be y.

Since there is no profit and loss in the whole transaction, so 12% of x = 8% of y

⇒ x : y = 2 : 3

Hence the cost of first pen = (2/3) × 740 = Rs 296 and that of the second pen = (3/5) × 740 = Rs 444.

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