In each of the questions below, there are two statements followed by three to
four conclusions numbered as I, II, III, and IV. You have to
take the given statements to be true even if they seem to
be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide
which of the given conclusions logically follow from the
Explanation : Only three terms (magic, women, and crazy).
No alignment is required as they are in the standard
Now A + A = A. Conclusion: All magic is crazy. So statement I is
correct. Its immediate inference is ‘Some crazy are
magic’. It means the third statement is true.
The converse of second statement ‘All women are
crazy’ is ‘Some crazy are women’. So fourth conclusion
is also true. Thus, option (c) is the answer.
Explanation : There are three terms. After alignment,
Some mammals are cats.
No cats are tigers.
If we look at conclusions directly, the term ‘male
teacher’ in the first conclusion and ‘women teachers’
and ‘present’ in the second conclusion are not mentioned in statements. So, option (d) is the answer.
Explanation : I + A = I. The conclusion is some boxes are spheres
which is I. This can be converted to some spheres are
boxes, which is II. Conclusion III follows after converting all rounds are spheres. So, option (a) is the answer.
Venn diagram solution:
Explanation : They are in desired format A to B and B to C.
All books are clocks (A-type)
Some clocks are chips (I-type)
A + I = No conclusion.
Now, we can check first statement after immediate
inference—Some clocks are books.
Second statement after immediate inference—Some
chips are clocks.
So only conclusion I follows. Thus, option (b) is the