UGC NET Paper 1 December (Pack of 7) - UGC NET Paper 1 6th December 2019 Evening Shift

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6. Successful educational communication is dependent upon the skills of
A. Understanding the negative characteristics of the audience
B. Verbal communication and body language
C. Estimating time for audience impact
D. Analyzing the audience needs
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

  • Option : D
  • Explanation :
    Verbal and non-verbal (including body language) communication skills (option B) are the most effective determinant of the success of educational communication; and good communication skills make the desired impact irrespective of other factors that are at play. So, estimating time for audience impact ( option C) is unnecessary. Understanding negative characteristics of the audience (option A) is part of analyzing audience needs (option D).
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7. The converse of "All cats are mammals" is

  • Option : C
  • Explanation : Conversion refers to swapping the subject with the predicate in a categorical proposition. The following chart gives the rules of conversion for the 4 types of categorical propositions:
    PropositionConverseWhether valid/true
    (A) All S are P.All P are S. Some P are S*·.No by limitation,
    (E) No S is P.No P is S.Yes
    (I) Some S are P.Some P are S.Yes
    (0) Some S are not PSome P are not SNo

    (*In traditional logic, the A proposition has a converse by limitation which is the subaltern of the invalid A-converse; i.e., the corresponding I proposition. The converse by limitation is implied by the original but is not (usually) equivalent to it.
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8. Consider the following with reference to the Indian School of Logic
A. It is related to form of the argument only
B. It is related to the content of the argument only
C. It is related to perceptual knowledge alone
D. It is related to presenting analogies alone
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

  • Option : C
  • Explanation :
    Indian school of logic or nyaya is concerned with the form and content of reasoning and argument as recorded in the early texts of India.
    Pratyaksha (perception) and uparnana (analogy) are two of the six main sources of knowledge according to the Orthodox or Astika system of Indian philosophy. The other four are Anumana (Inference), Shabds (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension).
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9. Given below are two statements, one is labeled Assertion(A) and the other is labeled as Reason(R).
Assertion (A): Pedagogy and social interaction are two major result-oriented activities of a teacher.
Reason (R): Communication has a limited role in both these activities.
In the light of the above two statements, choose the correct option from those given below:

  • Option : C
  • Explanation : Pedagogy and social interaction are indeed two major result-oriented activities of a teacher. Pedagogy, or the method and practice of teaching gets results. If the teacher takes into account the various factors involved such as the availability of resources, leamer's characteristics, individual differences, etc.; and plans the instruction accordingly with the most suitable methods, aids, and resources possible to ensure equality of opportunity to every learner, teaching is effective. Teaching is also effective when the teacher interacts and communicates well not only with the learners but also the other members of the teaching staff, school management! administration and parents. Hence, (A) is true. Communication is the vehicle that carries pedagogy and social interaction forward. So, it plays not a limited role, but a big role in both these activities. Hence, (R) is false.
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10. "Mr X lives in a slum and is unemployed. Therefore, Mr X deserves to be a minister." Which kind of fallacy is committed in this argument?

  • Option : B
  • Explanation : The argument for Mr X is aimed at evoking pity. Argumentum ad misericordiam is the fallacy of an appeal to invoke pity, commonly referred to as a sob story, in which one tries to persuade someone to agree to an argument or idea by evoking the feelings of pity or guilt from them or making them feel sorry for you. This fallacy can make the other person seem cruel or insensitive if they do not comply. It is also called "Galileo argument" as it refers to the scientist's pitiful trials and house arrest by the Roman Catholic Inquisition (tribunal for heresy) as a result of his heliocentric views. Fallacy of Accident is the fallacy of applying a general rule to a particular case whose special circumstances render the rule inapplicable.
    Fallacy of composition occurs when one infers, that if something is true of some part of a whole, it must be true of the whole. Fallacy of division occurs when one reasons, that something that is true of a whole must also be true of all or some of its parts.
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