Explanation : National program on technology and enhanced learning or NPTEL is an initiative by IITs of India to provide best education materials (engg., science & humanities mainly) online. The Consortium for Educational Communication (CEC) is one of the Inter University Centres set up by the University Grants Commission of India. The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is an autonomous organisation set up in 1961 by the Government of India for qualitative improvement in school education. The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) is an autonomous Institution under MHRD established in 1989. NIOS offers Secondary (10th), Sr.Secondary (12th) and Vocational courses through open and distance learning (ODL) mode. NITTTR Chennai also serves as one of the National Coordinator for SWAYAM for the teacher training program.
Explanation : SWAYAM (Study Webs of Active-Learning
for Young Aspiring Minds) is a programme
initiated by Government of India with
the objective to take the best teaching
learning resources to all, including the
most disadvantaged. This is done through
a platform that facilitates hosting of all the
courses, taught in classrooms from Class
9 till post-graduation to be accessed by
anyone, anywhere at any time.
The Spoken Tutorial project is about
teaching and learning particular FLOSS
(Free/Libre and Open Source Software)
like Linux, Scilab, LaTeX, PHP & MySQL,
Java, C/C++, LibreOffice etc.
e-Granthalaya is a Digital Platform
developed by National Informatics Centre,
Ministry of Electronics and Information
Technology, Government of India. On
this platform, NIC provides a complete
ICT solution with integrated Library
Management Software, Digital Library
Module, Cloud hosting environment and
a Library Portal (OPAC) with NICSI
empaneled Roll-out Services and support.
IIT Bombay envisages the 'e-Yantra' platform to harness the intellectual talent
of young India to create utility based
robotic applications for usage across
variety of applications such as: agriculture, manufacturing, defense, home, and city
maintenance and services industries.
Explanation : One-way process of communication
travels from the sender to the receiver
without any feedback to the sender. The
sequence is: Sender Encodes the Message
which travels through the Communication
Channel and gets Decoded (understood)
by the Receiver.