UGC NET Paper 1 December (Pack of 7) - UGC NET PAPER 1 4th December 2019 Morning Shift

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16. Which of the following is converse of 'Some S is P"?

  • Option : C
  • Explanation : Converse of a proposition: Swapping the subject with the predicate.
    Thus, the types of proposition have their converse as follows:
    A (All S are P): All P are S.
    E (No S are P): No Pare S.
    I ( Some S are P): Some P are S.
    O (Some S are not P): Some P are not S.
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17. Which of the following modes of communication can be employed in a classroom for effective teaching?
(A) Top-down
(B) Iconic
(C) Associational
(D) Dissociational
(E) Symbolic
(F) Abstract
Choose the most appropriate option from the following:

  • Option : A
  • Explanation : The following modes of communication can be employed in the classroom:
    • Top-down (issuing instructions and information in a hierarchical structure) when the teacher transacts a lesson using a teacher-centred method such as lecturing
    • Iconic (based on images rather than text)
    • Abstract (through stories, metaphors, allegories, and examples, with emphasis on the specific rather than the general)
    While dissociational communication would cause a disconnect between the teacher and the taught, associational would create association with some and distance others. Symbolic communication would compromise clarity and understanding.
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19. A verbal communication technique used in teaching is

  • Option : B
  • Explanation : Voice modulation (or varying the speed, pitch and tone) in teaching is a technique that keeps the learners' interest fastened on the teacher and make teaching effective. On the other hand, slow expression of words might make fast learners impatient, presentation without pause may steal the valuable moments of reflection from the students, and resorting to semantic jugglery (play with words) may undermine comprehension.
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20. According to classical Indian school of logic, what is the correct sequence of steps involved in Anumana (influence)?

  • Option : D
  • Explanation : According to classical Indian school of logic, Anumana or Inference is the second of the pramanas, or the five means of knowledge. It occupies a central place in the Hindu school of logic (Nyaya). This school worked out a syllogism in the form of an argument that goes through five stages: (1) the proposition (pratijna), (2) the ground (hetu), (3) the illustration (udaharana), (4) the application (upanaya), and (5) the conclusion (nigamana).
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