Explanation : Thesis/Dissertation is an extended
document, embodying results of original
research and substantiating the specific
view of a candidate who presents it for an
academic degree. The candidate needs to
present to the research degree committee
in the university for their formal approval
the proposal of the research complete with
the Title and Chapter Scheme of the Thesis/
Dissertation to be written. Seminar papers
are presented to a gathering of researchers,
scholars and academics; research articles
are published in academic journals; and,
research monographs are straightforward
and concise research papers with less details
on a specific subject or addressing a single
identified research problem.
Explanation : Textbooks prescribed by universities are
meant to be used for teaching all students
of a particular grade; and recommended
articles and journals as well as writings of
great thinkers selected for reflective readings
are meant for all interested learners.
However, programmed instructional and
modular learning material is designed for
step-wise individual learning. It is highly
structured with a sequence of instructional
"frames" of programmed material for
students to work by themselves at their own
speed and answer questions after each step
to evaluate their learning. They are then
immediately shown the correct answer or
given additional information.
Explanation : The following considerations would weigh
in the researcher's decision if ICT is to be
• Appropriateness of the tool used
• Cost involved in procuring it
• Availability of tools in the department where
research is to be undertaken
The company of the ICT tool is immaterial
as long as the tool is suitable for the
researcher's requirement. The supervisor
is entitled to help with the research subject/
topic and thesis rather than the tool which
the researcher chooses to use.
Explanation : All categorical syllogisms have a ''mood''
and a "figure."
The mood of a categorical syllogism is
a series of three letters corresponding to
the type of proposition (A, E, I, or 0) the
major premise, the minor premise, and the
The types of the given propositions are as
Some chairs are curtains (I)
All curtains are bedsheets (A)
Conclusion: Some chairs are bedsheets (I)
So, the mood is IAI.