Explanation : A teacher mediated dialogue involving all
the students of a class encourages students
to shed inhibitions; and, freely discuss
and interact to restructure what is being
learnt. This is the ideal scenario that leads
to the attainment of planned objectives
and learning outcomes. So, this is key to
effective teaching behaviour.
Eliciting clarification of an answer/response
or soliciting additional information is
likely to demoralise and de-motivate the
student. On the other hand, promoting low
error rate (high success) may not contribute
to increased levels of students' self esteem
and positive attitude for below average
Explanation : Many media are available for classroom
communication. These are spoken words,
written words, non-verbal, maps, charts,
ICT based audio-visual technology, etc. So,
assertion (A) is true.
If communication through any medium
fails to take place, the reason can be any
of the following barriers on the part of
the decoder, rather than the attitude of the
Emotional Barriers ... .
Cultural Barriers ... .
Language Barriers ... .
Gender Barriers ... .
Interpersonal Barriers ....
So, Reason (R) is false.
Explanation : Probability Sampling is a sampling
technique in which sample from a larger
population are chosen using a method
based on the theory of probability using
random selection. Action research and
phenomenology involves the active
participation of the researcher in the field.
Also, probability sampling is generally
used in quantitative research. Of the
given options, (a) Survey researches;(b)
Experimental researches; and ( e)
Correlational design based researches are
Explanation : Transfer of learning, whether teacher-
to- student or student- to -student, is a
process which enhances the learning of the
learner and consolidates the learning of the
teacher (which can he a student teaching
another student); and both learn how to
learn. So, to encourage 'learning to learn',
it is important that teaching is organized
in such a manner that the opportunity for
transfer of learning is increased.
Using educational technology gadgets;
assigning tasks to he mastered by students;
conducting frequent tests are routine
procedures in education which may not
necessarily lead to 'learning' or grasping
how one should learn.
Explanation : Observe the following traditional square of opposition. The theses shown in the square were supplemented with the following: • Two propositions are contradictory iff they cannot both be true and they cannot both be false. • Two propositions are contraries iff they cannot both be true but can both be false. • Two propositions are subcontraries iff they cannot both be false but can both be true. • A proposition is a subaltern of another iff it must be true if its superaltern is true, and the superaltern must be false if the subaltern is false. [iff = if and only if]