UGC NET Paper 1 December (Pack of 3) - UGC NET PAPER 1 2nd December 2019 Morning Shift

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18. A fallacy in which an opponent's position is depicted as being more extreme or unreasonable than is justified by what was actually asserted is called

  • Option : D
  • Explanation : Straw man fallacy is giving the impression of refuting an opponent's argument, while actually refuting an argument that was not presented by that opponent; in effect making the opponent's argument/position/ stand seem more extreme or unreasonable than is justified by what was actually asserted.
    Argumentum ad baculum is appealing to force or the threat of force to bring about the acceptance of a conclusion.
    Red Herring fallacy is introducing irrelevant topic in an argument to divert the attention of listeners or readers from the original issue.
    Argumentum ad hominem is avoiding the genuine discussion of the topic at hand by attacking the character, motive, or other attribute of the opponent.
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19. Dynamics of good classroom communication involves:
(A) Indifference
(B) Motivation
(C) Being organised
(D) Exclusivity
(E) Participation
(F) Gendered views
Choose the correct option from the following:

  • Option : C
  • Explanation : Good classroom communication is inclusive and emotionally satisfying to all stakeholders.
    While the dynamics of indifference, exclusivity and gender bias defeats this objective; that of motivation, participation and staying organised ensures effective communication which does not stray from the topic and achieves the desired outcome.
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20. In the following two sets, set I mentions the evaluation system, while set II gives their descriptive
features. Match the two sets

Set I (Evaluation system)Set II (Descriptive features)
(A) Formative evaluation(i) Comparing the students performance with that
of others
(B) Summative evaluation(ii) Indicating standards of mastery
(C) Norm-referenced testing(iii) Diagnosing students' problems
(D) Criterion-referenced testing(iv) Identifying scope for improvement
 (v) Judging learning standards

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

  • Option : A
  • Explanation : Formative assessment refers to the range of formal and informal assessment procedures conducted by teachers during the learning process to measure participants' development at that particular time and diagnose the lapses and requirements; so that teaching and learning processes/ activities could be modified to improve student attainment. So, it identifies scope for improvement.
    Summative assessment is carried out after the completion of a course/programme to assess its achievement /outcome/success. So, it judges leaning standards.
    Norm-referenced testing measures the position of a student in a class/group- with respect to the trait being measured. So, it compares a student's performance with others.
    Criterion referenced testing evaluates and grades students' learning against a set of pre-specified criteria, without reference to the achievement of others. So, it indicates the standards of mastery.
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