Explanation : The independent variable is that which
affects the dependent variable; so, it is
manipulated and controlled and its effect
on the latter is measured. So, the teaching
method is the independent variable here.
Explanation : The third generation of distance education
uses ICT making its modules electronic
and computer-based; and interactive as it
enables communication between learners
and teachers as well as learners and
Explanation : Writing is a means of verbal communication.
The verbal (consisting of words) messages,
therefore, must be clear, concise and
correct to be effective; i.e., to be able to be
decoded or understood as intended. So, the
principles of effective writing are Clarity,
Conciseness and Correctness. Stress on
hyperboles, liberal use of adjectives and
use of complex sentences, on the other
hand, only confound the message.
Explanation : A categorical proposition asserts a relation
of inclusion or exclusion, complete or
partial, between two classes (collection
of all objects which have some specified
characteristic in common)
While the quantity of a categorical
proposition is determined by whether
or not it refers to all members of its
subject class (i.e., the proposition is
either universal or particular in quantity);
the quality is determined by whether the
asserted class relation is one of inclusion
or exclusion (i.e., the proposition is
either affirmative or negative in quality-
ARE or ARE NOT)
The four statements are: A, E, I, and 0
1. A-universal affirmative: All S is P.
2. E-universal negative: No S is P.
3. I-particular affirmative: Some S is P.
4. O-particular negative: Some S is not P.
Explanation : SWAYAM or Study Webs of Active
Learning for Young Aspiring Minds is
a programme of the Ministry of Human
Resource Development, Government
of India; aod MOOCs or Massive Open
Online Courses (MOOCs) are free online
courses available for anyone to enroll. Both
are learner-centred methods without the
involvement of any instructor, as such. On
the other hand, computer-aided instruction,
Quizzes and Buzz-sessions etc., are
conducted/delivered/instructed by another
person to the learners.