UGC NET Paper 1 December (Pack of 3) - UGC NET PAPER 1 2nd December 2019 Morning Shift

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Read the passage carefully and answer the question that follows:
Political ‘representation’ nonetheless is the vehicle that enabled the re-introduction of “democracy” into the modem, practical political vernacular. The resulting liberal democracy does not directly descend from the ancient Athenian democracy. Between the eras virtually nothing existed that approached “democracy” as an actual or named political form and when it again became a focus of politics and theory, it was wedded to representation – so that what we call a democracy is, in fact, a distinctive kind of democracy, “a representative democracy”. While elections and popular pressure surely have political impact, the actions of representatives are the primary, official mechanism for translating democratic citizenship into political power. We rely on the representative process to promote political goodness in a democratic society, but when one imagines the idea of ‘representation’ these days, its association with ethics or goodness does not spring to mind. It is an impersonal process, after all-a mechanical method by which one entity stands for or re-presents another, politically required by the need to channel the judgments of millions of citizens into the legally authoritative hands of a small number of public representatives, or even the sentiments of thousands into the leadership of a single person.

46. Which of the following implies the characteristic of modem political vernacular?

  • Option : D
  • Explanation : Refer to the opening sentence, 'Population representation ... '
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Read the passage carefully and answer the question that follows:
Political ‘representation’ nonetheless is the vehicle that enabled the re-introduction of “democracy” into the modem, practical political vernacular. The resulting liberal democracy does not directly descend from the ancient Athenian democracy. Between the eras virtually nothing existed that approached “democracy” as an actual or named political form and when it again became a focus of politics and theory, it was wedded to representation – so that what we call a democracy is, in fact, a distinctive kind of democracy, “a representative democracy”. While elections and popular pressure surely have political impact, the actions of representatives are the primary, official mechanism for translating democratic citizenship into political power. We rely on the representative process to promote political goodness in a democratic society, but when one imagines the idea of ‘representation’ these days, its association with ethics or goodness does not spring to mind. It is an impersonal process, after all-a mechanical method by which one entity stands for or re-presents another, politically required by the need to channel the judgments of millions of citizens into the legally authoritative hands of a small number of public representatives, or even the sentiments of thousands into the leadership of a single person.

47. The political representation enabled the emergence of

  • Option : B
  • Explanation : Refer to the above and the second sentence of the passage, 'The resulting liberal democracy ... '
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Read the passage carefully and answer the question that follows:
Political ‘representation’ nonetheless is the vehicle that enabled the re-introduction of “democracy” into the modem, practical political vernacular. The resulting liberal democracy does not directly descend from the ancient Athenian democracy. Between the eras virtually nothing existed that approached “democracy” as an actual or named political form and when it again became a focus of politics and theory, it was wedded to representation – so that what we call a democracy is, in fact, a distinctive kind of democracy, “a representative democracy”. While elections and popular pressure surely have political impact, the actions of representatives are the primary, official mechanism for translating democratic citizenship into political power. We rely on the representative process to promote political goodness in a democratic society, but when one imagines the idea of ‘representation’ these days, its association with ethics or goodness does not spring to mind. It is an impersonal process, after all-a mechanical method by which one entity stands for or re-presents another, politically required by the need to channel the judgments of millions of citizens into the legally authoritative hands of a small number of public representatives, or even the sentiments of thousands into the leadership of a single person.

48. What is the perception of the author with regard to representational democracy?

  • Option : D
  • Explanation : Refer to the last sentence of the passage, ' ... the judgements of millions of citizens into the legally authoritative hands of a small number of public representatives, or even the sentiments of thousands into the leadership of a single person.'
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Read the passage carefully and answer the question that follows:
Political ‘representation’ nonetheless is the vehicle that enabled the re-introduction of “democracy” into the modem, practical political vernacular. The resulting liberal democracy does not directly descend from the ancient Athenian democracy. Between the eras virtually nothing existed that approached “democracy” as an actual or named political form and when it again became a focus of politics and theory, it was wedded to representation – so that what we call a democracy is, in fact, a distinctive kind of democracy, “a representative democracy”. While elections and popular pressure surely have political impact, the actions of representatives are the primary, official mechanism for translating democratic citizenship into political power. We rely on the representative process to promote political goodness in a democratic society, but when one imagines the idea of ‘representation’ these days, its association with ethics or goodness does not spring to mind. It is an impersonal process, after all-a mechanical method by which one entity stands for or re-presents another, politically required by the need to channel the judgments of millions of citizens into the legally authoritative hands of a small number of public representatives, or even the sentiments of thousands into the leadership of a single person.

49. According to the author, the idea of democracy is viewed as

  • Option : C
  • Explanation : Refer to the sentence, 'We rely on the representative process to promote political goodness in democratic society, 'But when one imagines the idea of 'representation' these days, its association with ethics or goodness does not spring to mind.'
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Read the passage carefully and answer the question that follows:
Political ‘representation’ nonetheless is the vehicle that enabled the re-introduction of “democracy” into the modem, practical political vernacular. The resulting liberal democracy does not directly descend from the ancient Athenian democracy. Between the eras virtually nothing existed that approached “democracy” as an actual or named political form and when it again became a focus of politics and theory, it was wedded to representation – so that what we call a democracy is, in fact, a distinctive kind of democracy, “a representative democracy”. While elections and popular pressure surely have political impact, the actions of representatives are the primary, official mechanism for translating democratic citizenship into political power. We rely on the representative process to promote political goodness in a democratic society, but when one imagines the idea of ‘representation’ these days, its association with ethics or goodness does not spring to mind. It is an impersonal process, after all-a mechanical method by which one entity stands for or re-presents another, politically required by the need to channel the judgments of millions of citizens into the legally authoritative hands of a small number of public representatives, or even the sentiments of thousands into the leadership of a single person.

50. According to the passage actions of political representatives manifest

  • Option : C
  • Explanation : Refer to the sentence, 'While elections and popular pressure surely have political impact, the actions of representatives are the primary, official mechanism for translating democratic citizenship into political power.'
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