UGC NET Paper 1 December (Pack of 3) - UGC NET PAPER 1 2nd December 2019 Morning Shift

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1. Which of the following sequences correctly reflects scientific investigation?

  • Option : D
  • Explanation : The scientific method has the following basic steps:
    1. Making an observation
    2. Identifying a research question
    3. Forming a concept, hypothesis, or testable explanation
    4. Making a prediction or theory based on the hypothesis
    5. Testing the prediction and deducing the consequences
    6. Adopting a method to verify results
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3. The distinction between Savikalpaka (determinate) and Nirvikalpaka (indeterminate) is made with respect to which of the following pramanas'?

  • Option : B
  • Explanation : In the Nyaya system, nirvikalpa pratyaksha is a term used by some authors to simply mean indeterminate ornehulous perception. As such, it refers to a state of cognition when one sees an object and doesn't quite grasp what it is. This is not granted the same validity as the savikalpa pratyaksha where an object presented to the senses is known fully.
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4. The term 'Paksa according to classical Indian school of logic refers to which of the following terms in the process of inference?

  • Option : C
  • Explanation : Like the Aristotelian syllogism, the Indian inference has three terms. The major, the minor and the middle are here called sadhya, paksa and linga or heto respectively.
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5. A university department plans to undertake a study wherein attitudes, values and biases of teachers and students are to be probed with an eye on disclosing their patterns of adjustment.
Which types of research methods will be considered appropriate in this context?
(i) Experimental method
(ii) Case study method
(iii) Descriptive method
(iv) Etlmographic method
(v) Historical method
Select the correct answer from the options given below:

  • Option : D
  • Explanation : Case study method of research involves a careful, in-depth and complete observation of a person, family, institution, cultural group or even the entire community; and, Ethnographic method involves observation and/or interaction with the study's participants in their real-life environment. So, both these methods will be appropriate in the given context. The other methods are for other specific purposes: Experimental method is scientific research method of manipulating one or more variables, and measures corresponding change in other variables; Descriptive research focuses on describing the nature of a demographic segment or phenomenon that is being studied, rather than finding out the cause/reason behind its occurrence; Historical research involves studying, understanding and interpreting past events by interpretation of documents, diaries and other historical data (primary or secondary sources).
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