UGC NET Paper 1 June Shift (Pack of 7) - UGC NET PAPER 1 25th June 2019 Evening Shift

Read the passage and answer the question based on it.
Indian organizations have traditionally not considered their human resource as a means of distinct competitive advantage. Rather, people management has been a big challenge for the Indian business head. this situation is undergoing rapid change today; because as Indian organisations are recognising the need for professional human resource management, simultaneously there is a growing demand for trained human resource professionals. At most universities, business schools have begun to offer specialised, customised courses to train the human resource professional. Increasingly, organisations are encouraging line managers to handle human resource responsibilities. Ancient India was known for its occupation-based hierarchy. The ancient Indian text, the Arthashastra refers to the job description of a supervisor and performance-linked pay for artisans. It was only after 1850 that formal industrial organisations emerged in India. But it was only after India became an independent country in 1947 that significant improvement was witnessed in the personnel management policy of the business organisations. After independence, when a mixed economy was encouraged as the Indian growth model, industrial organisations were broadly classified into public sector and the private sector. Since the public sector units were the recipients of large investments and became the biggest employers, their approach towards personnel management receive a lot of attention. The goal of a socialistic society enshrined within the constitution of India implied that the protection of human resource became a significant objective. Many constitutional provisions were created in order to protect workers. Organisations gad to appoint welfare officers to take care of all personnel. The next phase of development saw the rise of the trade unions and manager unions in the Indian business organization. this further boosted the growth of personnel offices in most organisations.

11. More and more organisations are encouraging their line managers to handle

  • Option : B
  • Explanation : Refer to the last sentence of the first paragraph, 'Increasingly, organizations ... '
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Read the passage and answer the question based on it.
Indian organizations have traditionally not considered their human resource as a means of distinct competitive advantage. Rather, people management has been a big challenge for the Indian business head. this situation is undergoing rapid change today; because as Indian organisations are recognising the need for professional human resource management, simultaneously there is a growing demand for trained human resource professionals. At most universities, business schools have begun to offer specialised, customised courses to train the human resource professional. Increasingly, organisations are encouraging line managers to handle human resource responsibilities. Ancient India was known for its occupation-based hierarchy. The ancient Indian text, the Arthashastra refers to the job description of a supervisor and performance-linked pay for artisans. It was only after 1850 that formal industrial organisations emerged in India. But it was only after India became an independent country in 1947 that significant improvement was witnessed in the personnel management policy of the business organisations. After independence, when a mixed economy was encouraged as the Indian growth model, industrial organisations were broadly classified into public sector and the private sector. Since the public sector units were the recipients of large investments and became the biggest employers, their approach towards personnel management receive a lot of attention. The goal of a socialistic society enshrined within the constitution of India implied that the protection of human resource became a significant objective. Many constitutional provisions were created in order to protect workers. Organisations gad to appoint welfare officers to take care of all personnel. The next phase of development saw the rise of the trade unions and manager unions in the Indian business organization. this further boosted the growth of personnel offices in most organisations.

12. The competitive advantages of human resource has NOT been

  • Option : A
  • Explanation : Refer to the very first sentence of the passage, 'Indian organizations have traditionally not ... '
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Read the passage and answer the question based on it.
Indian organizations have traditionally not considered their human resource as a means of distinct competitive advantage. Rather, people management has been a big challenge for the Indian business head. this situation is undergoing rapid change today; because as Indian organisations are recognising the need for professional human resource management, simultaneously there is a growing demand for trained human resource professionals. At most universities, business schools have begun to offer specialised, customised courses to train the human resource professional. Increasingly, organisations are encouraging line managers to handle human resource responsibilities. Ancient India was known for its occupation-based hierarchy. The ancient Indian text, the Arthashastra refers to the job description of a supervisor and performance-linked pay for artisans. It was only after 1850 that formal industrial organisations emerged in India. But it was only after India became an independent country in 1947 that significant improvement was witnessed in the personnel management policy of the business organisations. After independence, when a mixed economy was encouraged as the Indian growth model, industrial organisations were broadly classified into public sector and the private sector. Since the public sector units were the recipients of large investments and became the biggest employers, their approach towards personnel management receive a lot of attention. The goal of a socialistic society enshrined within the constitution of India implied that the protection of human resource became a significant objective. Many constitutional provisions were created in order to protect workers. Organisations gad to appoint welfare officers to take care of all personnel. The next phase of development saw the rise of the trade unions and manager unions in the Indian business organization. this further boosted the growth of personnel offices in most organisations.

13. Significant improvement was seen in the personnel management policy of business organisations after

  • Option : D
  • Explanation : Refer to the 2nd sentence of the third paragraph, 'But it was only after India ... '
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Read the passage and answer the question based on it.
Indian organizations have traditionally not considered their human resource as a means of distinct competitive advantage. Rather, people management has been a big challenge for the Indian business head. this situation is undergoing rapid change today; because as Indian organisations are recognising the need for professional human resource management, simultaneously there is a growing demand for trained human resource professionals. At most universities, business schools have begun to offer specialised, customised courses to train the human resource professional. Increasingly, organisations are encouraging line managers to handle human resource responsibilities. Ancient India was known for its occupation-based hierarchy. The ancient Indian text, the Arthashastra refers to the job description of a supervisor and performance-linked pay for artisans. It was only after 1850 that formal industrial organisations emerged in India. But it was only after India became an independent country in 1947 that significant improvement was witnessed in the personnel management policy of the business organisations. After independence, when a mixed economy was encouraged as the Indian growth model, industrial organisations were broadly classified into public sector and the private sector. Since the public sector units were the recipients of large investments and became the biggest employers, their approach towards personnel management receive a lot of attention. The goal of a socialistic society enshrined within the constitution of India implied that the protection of human resource became a significant objective. Many constitutional provisions were created in order to protect workers. Organisations gad to appoint welfare officers to take care of all personnel. The next phase of development saw the rise of the trade unions and manager unions in the Indian business organization. this further boosted the growth of personnel offices in most organisations.

14. Personnel offices in many organisations witnessed an increase because of

  • Option : C
  • Explanation : Refer to last paragraph, ' .... rise of trade unions ..... boosted the growth of personnel officers ... '
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Read the passage and answer the question based on it.
Indian organizations have traditionally not considered their human resource as a means of distinct competitive advantage. Rather, people management has been a big challenge for the Indian business head. this situation is undergoing rapid change today; because as Indian organisations are recognising the need for professional human resource management, simultaneously there is a growing demand for trained human resource professionals. At most universities, business schools have begun to offer specialised, customised courses to train the human resource professional. Increasingly, organisations are encouraging line managers to handle human resource responsibilities. Ancient India was known for its occupation-based hierarchy. The ancient Indian text, the Arthashastra refers to the job description of a supervisor and performance-linked pay for artisans. It was only after 1850 that formal industrial organisations emerged in India. But it was only after India became an independent country in 1947 that significant improvement was witnessed in the personnel management policy of the business organisations. After independence, when a mixed economy was encouraged as the Indian growth model, industrial organisations were broadly classified into public sector and the private sector. Since the public sector units were the recipients of large investments and became the biggest employers, their approach towards personnel management receive a lot of attention. The goal of a socialistic society enshrined within the constitution of India implied that the protection of human resource became a significant objective. Many constitutional provisions were created in order to protect workers. Organisations gad to appoint welfare officers to take care of all personnel. The next phase of development saw the rise of the trade unions and manager unions in the Indian business organization. this further boosted the growth of personnel offices in most organisations.

15. The hierarchy system in ancient India was based on

  • Option : A
  • Explanation : Refer to the sentence, 'Ancient India was known for its occupation based hierarchy.' ...... .
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