Explanation : Diagnostic evaluation is a form of pre-
assessment that allows a teacher to determine
students' individual strengths, weaknesses,
knowledge, and skills prior to instruction.
It is primarily used to diagnose the causes
of a student's learning difficulties so that
remedies may be planned and implemented
Explanation : Critical language testing (CLT) refers to the
examination of the uses and consequences
of tests in education and society. Critical
language testing (CLT) is a philosophical
approach that states that there is widespread
bias in language testing. This view is derived
from critical pedagogy, which views education
as a process manipulated by those in power.
Explanation : Instructional Software (IS) programs
include pictures, sounds, animations, and
other various stimuli used to enhance the
development of skills such as reading, writing
and problem solving.
Radio talk is instructional software as it gives
sound inputs for skill development
Audio podcast: a series of episodes streamed
or downloaded by the end user over the
Printed material or book
Edusat : satellite built exclusively for serving
the educational sector
Explanation : A dependent variable is the one which
is measured in terms of the effect of the
independent variable on it.
The teacher is to study how the scholastic
performance of different students varies
depending on the level of aspiration in terms
of their socio-economic background.
Read the passage and answer the following question.
Unquestionably a literary life is for the most part an
unhappy life, because if you have a genius, you must
suffer the penalty of genius, and if you have only
talent, there are so many cares and worries incidental
to the circumstances of men of letters, as to make
life exceedingly miserable. Besides the pangs of
composition, and the continuous disappointment
which a true artist feels at his inability to reveal
himself, there is the ever-recurring difficulty of
gaining the public ear. Young writers are buoyed
up by the hope and the belief that they have only to
throw that poem at the world’s feet to get back in
return the laurel-crown; that they have only to push
as a new light in literature. You can never convince
a young author that the editors of magazines and the
publishers of books are a practical body of men, who
are by no means frantically anxious about placing
the best literature before the public. Nay, that for the
most part they are mere brokers, who conduct their
business on the hardest lines of a profit and loss
account. But supposing your book fairly launches,
its perils are only beginning. You have to run the gauntlet of the critics. When you are a little older,
you feel find that criticism is not much more serious
than the bye-play of clowns in a circus, when they
best around the ring, the victim with bladders stung
at the end of long poles. A time comes in the life
of every author when he regards critics as comical
rather than formidable, and goes his way unheeding.
But there are sensitive souls that yield under the
chastisement and, perhaps after suffering much silent
torture, abandon the profession of the pen forever.
Explanation : Refer to the sentence, ' Young writers are
buoyed up ... the laurel- crown .. .' It hints
that young writers are in a hurry to reap
the rewards just by throwing a new work in
literature at the world's feet.