22. Which of the following fractions is the result of the sum of an integer and its reciprocal?

- Option : B
- Explanation : Let the number is n, then its reciprocal is 1/n.

Now, the sum of the numbers = n + 1/n

= (n^{2}+ 1)/n

Now, from the options (a), when denominator

n = 8

then, numerator should be

(n)^{2}+ 1 = (8)^{2}+ 1 = 65

Option (b) when denominator n = 5

then, numerator should be n^{2}+ 1 = 52 + 1 = 26.

Hence, fraction is 26/5.

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- Option : C
- Explanation : The given proposition are 'All republics are
grateful'

It's negative proposition are 'No republics are grateful'

or 'Republics are not grateful' . This is equivalent to 'Some republics are not grateful'.

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- Option : D
- Explanation : Analogical reasoning relies upon analogy, citing accepted similarities between two systems to support the conclusion that some further similarity exists. In the given argument, the term 'jus as' clearly shows the comparison between the pre-active stage of classroom teaching and pre-learning preparation stage of communication.

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