Explanation : The Inter-University Board (IUB) of India
subsequently founded on March 23, 1925,
to promote university activities, by sharing
information and co-operation in the field of
education, culture, sports and allied areas.
The Board acquired a legal status with its
registration in 1967 as a society under the
Societies Registration Act, 1860. In 1973, it
assumed it present name "The Association
of Indian University (AIU)."
Explanation : SWAYAM is a programme initiated by
Government of India and designed to
achieve the three cardinal principles of
Education Policy viz., access, equity and
quality. The courses hosted on SWAYAM
are in 4 quadrants - (1) video lecture, (2)
specially prepared reading material that can
be downloaded/printed (3) self-assessment
tests and quizzes and (4) an
online discussion forum for clearing the
doubts. Steps have been taken to enrich
the learning experience by using audio-
video and multi-media and state of the art
pedagogy / technology.
Explanation : Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-
volatile memory used in computers and other
electronic devices. Data stored in ROM
cannot be electronically modified after the
manufacture of the memory device.
Explanation : The trophic state of a lake is determined by
the amount of biologically useful nutrients
dissolved in the waters of the lake. A water
body can be oligotrophic, mesotrophic,
eutrophic, and hypereutropic. Oligotrophic
Lake is a lake with low productivity, low
nutrients and clear water with drinking water
quality. Algal blooms occur very rarely
in oligotrophic lakes while it occurs very
frequently in Eutrophic lakes.
Explanation : The Sustainable Development Goals are
the blueprint to achieve a better and more
sustainable future for all. The priority areas
in relation to UN SDG goals are Peace,
Justice and Strong Institutions, No Poverty,
Zero Hunger, Good Health and Well-being,
gender equality, Quality education etc.