UGC NET PAPER 1 June Shift (Pack of 3) - UGC NET PAPER 1 24th June 2019 Evening Shift

21. Consider the argument provided below: "Sound is permanent because it is a product like the jar".
Identify the fallacy involved in the above argument on the basis of Indian logic from the options given below:

  • Option : A
  • Explanation : In the argument, 'Sound is permanent because it is a product like the jar'; the probandum (that is to be proved) 'permanent' is absent in the subject and so it involves the fallacy of contradiction (badha) and the probans (reason/evidence) is called contradicted probans (badhita).
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23. Inductive argument proceeds from:

  • Option : B
  • Explanation : Inductive reasoning is ''bottom up", the chain of evidence begins with an observation and then combines it with the strength of previous observations in order to arrive at a conclusion. Deductive reasoning is "top-down" and proceeds from one or more general axioms and comes to a certain, specific conclusion using logic alone. If the premises are true and the logic of the argument is valid, the conclusion is certainly true.
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24. Semantic barrier of communication is implied when the:

  • Option : D
  • Explanation : The term 'semantic' pertains to meaning in language or logic. Semantic barrier is implied when meaning is not received
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