Explanation : Modern mass media is capital intensive as use
of technology and specialist hands requires
Modern media is constantly growing; so it
cannot be called sustainable (maintained at
a certain level). It is more technology and
machine oriented, hence, not labour intensive.
It is more commercialised than developmental
(what it traditionally was).
Explanation : Intrapersonal communication takes place
within an individual. It has three aspects:
self concept, perception and expectation.
Self-concept (or self-awareness) as well as
perception of the outside world involves
beliefs, values and attitudes that mould
behaviour; while expectations are future-
oriented messages pertaining to long-term
roles and relationships within the family or
society. It happens at three levels/stages:
internal discourse (silent prayer/appreciation,
contemplation, meditation! transcendence);
solo vocal communication; and, solo written communication.
Phatic, intimate and personal are stages in
Explanation : A categorical syllogism is an argument
consisting of three categorical propositions
(two premises and a conclusion) in which
appear exactly three categorical terms, each
of which is used exactly twice. The middle
term is the one that appears in both premises
but not in the conclusion.
Explanation : The logic involved in the example is
Indian philosophy postulates various means
of gaining knowledge or proof (pramana).
Arthapatti is knowledge arrived at through
presumption or postulation, derived from
The others are Pratyaksha (perception)
Upamana (comparison and analogy)
Anupalabdi (non-perception, negative proof)
Anumana ( inference/deduction)
Sabda (word or testimony)