Explanation : The social security laws are Employees’ Compensation Act, 1923, Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948, Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952, and the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972.
Explanation : Creating good industrial relations and industrial peace will minimize the causes of industrial disputes. Statutory machinery should ensure that workers are protected and are held responsible for dispute resolution, and the promotion and maintenance of industrial harmony in India. Under the Industrial Disputes Act 194 7, many provisions have been made for creating machineries for the prevention and settlement of industrial disputes, such as Works Committee, Conciliation Officer, Board of Conciliation, Court of Inquiry, Labour Court,
Industrial Tribunal, National Tribunal, and Voluntary Arbitration.
According to the Industrial Acts, 1947, the Central Government is the appropriate Government for investigation and settlement of industrial disputes. An arbitrator may also be appointed from amongst the Presiding Officers of Labour Courts, Tribunals or National Tribunals. The Grievance Settlement Authority follows prescribed procedure and has to complete the proceedings within a specified time.
Explanation : Transactional Analysis (TA) is a social psychology developed by Eric Berne and based loosely on the theories of Sigmund Freud. Over the past four decades, Eric Berne’s theory has evolved to include applications to psychotherapy, counselling, education, and organizational development.
Transactional Analysis is one of the most accessible theories of modern psychology. Transactional Analysis was founded by Eric
Berne and the celebrated ‘parent adult child’ theory is still being developed today.
Transactional Analysis has wide applications in clinical, therapeutic, organizational and personal development, encompassing
communications, management, personality, relationships and behaviour.
Transactional Analysis is a powerful tool in the hands of organizational development specialists. Through presenting the basic
concepts of transactional analysis and using it as the basic theory to undergird the objectives of their clients, organizational
development specialists build a common strategy with which to address the particular needs of organizations and to build a functional relationship, as well as eliminate dysfunctional organizational behaviours.