Avatto>>UGC NET Management>>PREVIOUS YEAR SOLVED PAPERS>>UGC NET Management December 2019

52. Sale of long term investment shows

  • Option : B
  • Explanation : When any fixed or non-current assets such as land, building, plant and machinery, furniture, and long-term investments are sold, it generates funds and becomes a source of funds. However, it must be remembered that if one fixed asset is exchanged for another, it does not constitute an inflow of funds because no current assets are involved.
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53. The system that provides an organization with sophisticated planning and control functionalities, greater connectivity to its suppliers, business partners, and customers is described as

  • Option : C
  • Explanation : Enterprise Resource Planning: The Business Backbone. Enterprise resource planning is a cross-functional enterprise system that integrates and automates many of the internal business processes of a company, particularly those within the manufacturing, logistics, distribution, accounting, finance, and human resource functions of the business. Thus, ERP serves as the vital backbone information system of the enterprise, helping a company achieve efficiency, agility, and responsiveness required to succeed in a dynamic business environment. ERP software typically consists of integrated modules that give a the company a real-time cross-functional view of its core business processes, such as production, order processing, and sales, and its resources, such as cash, raw materials, production capacity, and people. However, properly implementing ERP systems is a the difficult and costly process that has caused serious business losses for some companies, which underestimated the planning, development, and training that was necessary to re-engineer their business processes to accommodate their new ERP system s. However, continuing developments in ERP software, including Web-enabled modules and e-business software suites, have made ERP more flexible and user friendly, as well as extending it outward to a company’s business partners.
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54. The Total Asset Turnover Ratio and Total Assets to Networth Ratio of Kuber Ltd. are 1.75 and 2, respectively. If the Net Profit Margin of this company is 8%. What is the Return on Equity (ROE)?

  • Option : D
  • Explanation : As per On-Post Analysis
    ROE (Return on Equity) = Net Profit Margin × Asset Turnover Ratio × Assets to Turnover Ratio
    = 8% × 2 × 1.75
    = 28%
    ROE = 0.28.
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55. The reasons behind the growth of financial markets globally are
(a) Currency fluctuations
(b) Deregulation
(c) International Banks
(d) Information Technology
Select correct option:

  • Option : D
  • Explanation : Reasons for the Phenomenal Growth in Global Financial Markets: There seem to be two answers: advances in information technology and deregulation by governments.
    Information Technology: The financial services industry is highly information-intensive. It draws on large volumes of information about markets, risks, exchange rates, interest rates, creditworthiness, and like. This information is used by the industry to make decisions about what to invest where how much to charge borrowers, how much of interest to pay to depositors, and the value and riskiness of a range of financial assets including corporate bonds, stocks, government services, and currencies.
    The growth in information technology is so phenomenal, that instantaneous communication between any two points on the globe is now possible. At the same time, rapid advances in data processing capabilities have enabled market makers to absorb and process large volumes of information from around the world.
    The developments in information technology have really facilitated the emergence of an integrated international capital market. It is now technologically possible for global financial services companies to engage in 24 hours-a-day trading, be it in stocks, bonds, foreign exchange, or any other financial instrument. And the global capital market never sleeps. San Francisco closes one hour before Tokyo opens, but during this period trading continues in New Zealand.
    Deregulation: The financial sector was highly regulated in almost all countries. There were restrictions on the entry of foreign financial service firms and limits were imposed on foreign investors to purchase equities in domestic firms.
    These regulations started crumbling since the the late 1970s. The collapse of controlled economies, and pressure from financial service firms to operate in a free market are the main reasons for the trend towards deregulation.
    In addition to the deregulation of the financial services industry, many countries, beginning in the 1970s, started to dismantle capital controls, loosening both restrictions on inward investment by foreigners and outwards in vestment by their own citizens and companies. By the 1980s, this trend spread from developed countries to the developing nations as countries across Latin America, Asia and Eastern Europe started to dismantle decades-old restrictions on capital flows.
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