BEGIN GROUP: Q2 – Q8

Water jug puzzle: An eight-liter jug is filled with water, you are required to divide it into 4 + 4 liters. You may use two empty jugs of size 5 and 3 liters for this purpose. There is no other way of measuring water except by the size of the jugs, i.e., one can either empty a jug into another or fill another jug to its brimModel this puzzle as a state-space search problem. A state is represented by a tuple (A,B,C), where A is the amount of water in 8L jug, B is the amount of water in 5L jug and C is the amount of water in 3L jug.

The initial state is (8,0,0), if you transfer water from 8L jug to 5L jug we reach (3,5,0) state, and if you transfer the remaining water from 8L jug to 3L jug we reach (0,5,3) state. Now we can reverse these two transfers. The state-space expresses all valid states and their transitions. Build the state-space to answers the following questions.

2. Starting from (8,0,0), what is the least number of transfers required to reach (4,4,0)

- Option : A
- Explanation :

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Water jug puzzle: An eight-liter jug is filled with water, you are required to divide it into 4 + 4 liters. You may use two empty jugs of size 5 and 3 liters for this purpose. There is no other way of measuring water except by the size of the jugs, i.e., one can either empty a jug into another or fill another jug to its brim

Model this puzzle as a state-space search problem. A state is represented by a tuple (A,B,C), where A is the amount of water in 8L jug, B is the amount of water in 5L jug and C is the amount of water in 3L jug.

The initial state is (8,0,0), if you transfer water from 8L jug to 5L jug we reach (3,5,0) state, and if you transfer the remaining water from 8L jug to 3L jug we reach (0,5,3) state. Now we can reverse these two transfers. The state-space expresses all valid states and their transitions. Build the state-space to answers the following questions.

Model this puzzle as a state-space search problem. A state is represented by a tuple (A,B,C), where A is the amount of water in 8L jug, B is the amount of water in 5L jug and C is the amount of water in 3L jug.

The initial state is (8,0,0), if you transfer water from 8L jug to 5L jug we reach (3,5,0) state, and if you transfer the remaining water from 8L jug to 3L jug we reach (0,5,3) state. Now we can reverse these two transfers. The state-space expresses all valid states and their transitions. Build the state-space to answers the following questions.

4. Starting from (8,0,0), what is the least number of transfers required to measure 6 liter?

- Option : C
- Explanation :

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Model this puzzle as a state-space search problem. A state is represented by a tuple (A,B,C), where A is the amount of water in 8L jug, B is the amount of water in 5L jug and C is the amount of water in 3L jug.

The initial state is (8,0,0), if you transfer water from 8L jug to 5L jug we reach (3,5,0) state, and if you transfer the remaining water from 8L jug to 3L jug we reach (0,5,3) state. Now we can reverse these two transfers. The state-space expresses all valid states and their transitions. Build the state-space to answers the following questions.

5. Starting from (8,0,0), what is the least number of transfers required to measure 1 liter?

- Option : A
- Explanation :

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Syllabus Covered in this section is

Approaches to AI: Turing Test and Rational Agent Approaches; State Space Representation

of Problems, Hellllstic Search Techniques, Game Playing, Min-Max Search, Alpha Beta

Cutoff Procedures.

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## Approaches to AI Questions for UGC NET Computer Science

### Approaches to AI MCQ

### Approaches to AI Multiple choice questions

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