Explanation : 50,000 character takes 40 seconds
ie 50,000 * 8 = 40 seconds. (each character is of 8 bits)
In one second → (50,000 * 8)/40 bits / second.
10,000 bits / second.
ie. 10 Kbps.
So, option (D) is correct.
Explanation : Maximum number of subnets = 2^6-2 =62.
Note that 2 is subtracted from 2^6. The RFC 950 specification reserves the subnet values consisting of all zeros (see above) and all ones (broadcast), reducing the number of available subnets by two.
Maximum number of hosts is 2^10-2 = 1022.
2 is subtracted for Number of hosts is also. The address with all bits as 1 is reserved as broadcast address and address with all host id bits as 0 is used as network address of subnet.
In general, the number of addresses usable for addressing specific hosts in each network is always 2^N – 2 where N is the number of bits for host id.
Explanation : The fragmentation fields in the base header section of IPv4 have moved to the fragmentation extension header in IPv6:
So, given statement is correct. Authentication header (protocol 51) is identical in both IPv4 and IPv6, but authentication extension header is new in IPv6. So, given statement is correct. In the IPv6 specifications [IPv6], no record route function is defined, and the record route function for IPv4 is less flexible and has scalability problems. So, given statement is correct. Although, RR6 (Record Route for IPv6) mechanism is redesigned to establish an optimized record route mechanism for IPv6 and fix the problems of the record route function for IPv4 using Hop-by-Hop Option Extension. Hence, option (D) is correct.