English Grammar - English Grammar Section 1

16. She is as intelligent as her sister if not more.

  • Option : C
  • Explanation : The given statement states that both she and her sister are equally intelligent, This is given in statement. Hence correct choice is (c).
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17. You will not succeed unless you are optimistic.

  • Option : A
  • Explanation : 'Unless' denotes condition, 'until' denotes time. 'Choice (b) has adverb clause of time. With unless, another negative is not used. 'Unless ..... don't' is wrong. So, Choices (c) and (d) are incorrect. Hence correct choice is (a).
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18. The students were advised to follow the instructions of the examiner.

  • Option : D
  • Explanation : Choices (a) and (b) state the same idea f(a) - passive voice; (b) Active voice] that the students followed the instructions, which differs from the question statement. Instructions cannot be advised. So, choice (c) is meaningless. Choice (d) states the context of the given statement aptly.
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19. Despite being ill, he attended the classes.

  • Option : B
  • Explanation : Despite means in spite of. Despite of is a wrong usage. 'His' need not be used in choice (c), as the sentence is about one person. Choice (d) means that the classes were ill. Hence correct choice is (b).
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20. That man is aggressive by nature is a hard fact of life and no one can deny it.

  • Option : A
  • Explanation : Choice (a) best restates the given sentence, though choice (b) is the repetition of the given statement. 'Not one can deny' in choice (c) and for anyone to deny' in choice (d) make them incorrect. Hence correct choiceis (a).
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